Batch Processing - The processing of computer information after it has accumulated in one group or batch.
Binary - A system of numerical notation in which only the values of 0 and 1 are used.
Bisynchronous - A communication protocol whereby messages are sent as blocks of characters. The blocks of data are checked for completeness and accuracy by the receiving computer.
Compliance - To be in agreement with the requirements of the standard that you used to create the message. This means that the data entered in the message is in the correct format for the standard you are using
Connectivity - The ability to make and maintain a connection between two or more points in a telecommunications system. The typical mechanism for establishing connectivity in an EDI system is a Value Added Network (VAN).
Compliance Checking - Checking process used to ensure that a transmission complies with ANSI X12 syntax rules (US).
Data Segment - Intermediate unit of information in a message. A segment consists of a pre-defined set of functionally related data elements which are identified by sequential position within the set.
Delimiters - Integral part of the transferred data stream, they consist of two levels of separators and a terminator. Delimiters are specified in the interchange header. From highest to lowest level, the separators and terminator are:- segment terminator, data element separator, and component element separator (used only in EDIFACT).
DES - Data Encryption Standard. One of a number of standards for securing data during transmission by encrypting it.
DISA - Data Interchange Standards Association. The trade organization that acts as secretariat for ANSI ASC X12 and the Pan-American EDIFACT Board in the United States.
Download - The process of receiving data from another computer at a remote site onto the computer under the control of the operator.
DSD - Direct Store Delivery. The practice of delivering product directly to store and notifying the store of the delivery electronically rather than by paper.
DSS - Decision Support System. Software designed to assist in decision-making by providing analytical programs and data available on mainframes by linking computers to mainframes.
DSTU - Draft Standard for Trial Use. A standard approved by the ANSI ASC X12 committee prior to full approval by ANSI.
EDI Translation - The conversion of application data to and from a standard format.
Electronic Commerce - Conducting business between computer through the use of digital exchange.
Electronic Mail - The process of sending, receiving, storing, and/or forwarding messages in digital form via telecommunication.
Encryption - The process of transforming clear text (data in its original form) into cipher text (the output of a cryptographic algorithm) for security or privacy.
End-User - Anyone how uses a computer system or its output
Gateway - The interconnection between public or private networks, allowing the transmission of documents in EDI format across multiple networks.
GCI - Global Commerce Initiative. A global industry user group which identifies issues hindering supply chain performance and suggests potential global solutions for data, messages, processes and associated requirements which it can offer to standards bodies such as GS1 for adoption.
GDD - Global Data Dictionary: a GS1 standard which allows all the potential attributes of an item to be defined. These attributes may include size, brand information, logistical information, etc.
GDS - Global Data Synchronisation.
GDSN - Global Data Synchronisation Network. Provides a framework that allows all datapools to interoperate and share data seamlessly.
GLN - A Global Location Number (GLN) is a unique number that is assigned to locations to enable them to be identified uniquely worldwide. These global location numbers can be used to identify any legal, physical and functional locations. Global locations numbers are reference keys to computer files where information about the company or location can be found. The GLNs replace the names and addresses of locations and are particularly useful when automating processes; they allow computers to route information to the correct destination with no manual involvement. GLNs must be used when identifying locations and trading partners within Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) business messages and data pools, and they can also be used in bar codes to identify a physical location or to provide relevant information for delivery or invoicing purposes.
GLOBAL Registry - A central service which holds pointers to data held in local datapools, provides an index for companies looking for product data held in local datapools and ensures datapools are fully compliant with GS1 standards.
GPC - Global Product Classification: a standard way of categorizing products that provides a way to link different company classification systems and offers a common language for collaborative business processes.
GS1 - A worldwide network of standards bodies and service providers which develops global supply chain standards and solutions used by over one million companies for bar coding, electronic business messaging, data synchronisation and through the EPCglobal Network, radio frequency identification.
GRN - Goods Received Note. A document raised by a customer receiving goods to confirm what has been received, so that invoices may be approved for payment.
Network Management - Identifies fault, accounting, configuration, security, and performance management.
Network Service Provider - A company that maintains a network and offers its services and capabilities to others for a fee.
Notification of Shipment - A transaction set that advises of the delivery schedule and provides a description of the shipment.
OASIS - Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards. A not-for-profit global consortium that drives the development, convergence and adoption of e-business standards.
OFTP - ODETTE File Transfer Protocol. The messaging protocol for the European automotive industry.
OSI - Open Systems Interconnect. Structure based on seven-layer model developed by ISO, which will allow different computer manufacturers' machines to communicate with one another.
PIP - Partner Interface Processes. RosettaNet PIPs define business processes between trading partners via XML-based dialogs.
Protocol - Communication standards that determine message content and format, enabling uniformity of transmissions.
Protocol Conversion - The process of allowing two systems with different protocols to communicate.
Purchase Order - A document issued by a buyer to a seller that details the terms of sale under which the buyer will purchase the seller's goods.
Purchase Order Acknowledgment - A document issued by a seller to a buyer that confirms receipt of a purchase order.
Receiving Advice Transaction - A transaction set that includes the quantity, description and condition of the product received.
SAAS – Software as a Service
SFTP - Simple File Transfer Protocol. A network protocol that provides file transfer and manipulation functionality over any reliable data stream. It is typically used with the SSH-2 protocol to provide secure file transfer. (See also SSH).
Trading Partner Agreement - A document that describes the terms of sale, payment, usability, warranties, transaction data sets, processing times, and conflict resolution steps, (to name a few) between trading partners. You should establish a Trading Partner Agreement with each new partner before trading electronically.
Transaction - A transaction is the exchange of a business document that facilitates a business process, such as a purchase order, invoice or advance ship notice.
Transaction Set - A block of information in EDI, making up a business transaction, or part of a business transaction. This is sometimes known as an EDI document, but more widely as an EDI message.
Translation - The act of converting a business document to and from the EDI standard.
Transmission Window - The days and times, agreed upon by all Trading Partners, during which EDI documents can be sent and received electronically. Outside of maintenance times, GXS TradeWeb subscribers can send and receive messages 7 days a week, 24 hours a day.
UCS - A subset of the ANSI X12 EDI standard.
UPC - Universal Product Code (UPC) is the most common barcode format used in North America.
Validation - The process of determining that compliance standards have been met by a particular document in an EDI transmission.
VPN - Virtual Private Network
WINS - Warehouse Information Network Standards. A set of EDI standards for warehousing and distribution. WINS is a subset of the ANSI X12 national standard.
XML - The usual abbreviation for Extensible Markup Language - an open standard for describing data defined by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
List of Transaction Codes
104 Air Shipment Information
110 Air Freight Details and Invoice
120 Vehicle Shipping Order
121 Vehicle Service
124 Property and Casualty Vehicle Damage
125 Multilevel Railcar Load Details
126 Vehicle Application Advice
127 Vehicle Buying Order
128 Dealer Information
129 Vehicle Carrier Rate Update
130 Student Educational Record (Transcript)
131 Student Educational Record (Transcript) Acknowledgment
135 Student Application
139 Student Loan Guarantee Result
140 Product Registration
141 Product Service Claim Response
142 Product Service Claim
143 Product Service Notification
144 Student Loan Transfer and Status Verification
146 Request for Student Educational Record (Transcript)
147 Response to Request for Student Educational Record (Transcript)
148 Report of Injury, Illness or Incident
149 Notice of Tax Adjustment or Assessment
150 Tax Rate Notification
151 Electronic Filing of Tax Return Data Acknowledgment
152 Statistical Government Information
154 Uniform Commercial Code Filing
159 Motion Picture Booking Confirmation
161 Train Sheet
163 Appointment Schedule Information
170 Revenue Receipts Statement
175 Court Notice
176 Court Submission
180 Return Merchandise Authorization and Notification
185 Royalty Regulatory Report
186 Laboratory Reporting
188 Educational Course Inventory
189 Application for Admission to Educational Institutions
190 Student Enrollment Verification
191 Student Loan Preclaims
194 Grant or Assistance Application
195 Federal Communication Commission (FCC) License Application
196 Contractor Cost Data Reporting
197 Real Estate Title Evidence
199 Mortgage Settlement Information
200 Mortgage Credit Report
201 Residential Loan Application
203 Secondary Mortgage Market Investor Report
204 Motor Carrier Shipment Information
206 Real Estate Mortgage Inspection Request
210 Motor Carrier Freight Details and Invoice
213 Motor Carrier Shipment Status Inquiry
214 Transportation Carrier Shipment Stats Message
217 Motor Carrier Loading and Route Guide
218 Motor Carrier Tariff Information
242 Data Status Tracking
250 Loan Purchase Order Shipment Management Document
251 Pricing Support
255 Insurance Underwriting Information Services
256 Periodic Annuity Compensation
260 Application for Mortgage Insurance Benefits
261 Residential Appraisal Request
262 Residential Appraisal Report
263 Residential Mortgage Insurance Application Response
264 Mortgage Loan Default Status
265 Real Estate Title Insurance Services Order
266 Mortgage Record Change
270 Health Care Eligibility/Benefit Inquiry
271 Health Care Eligibility/Benefit Information
272 Property and Casualty Loss Notification
273 Insurance/Annuity Application Status
275 Patient Information
276 Health Care Claim Status Request
277 Health Care Claim Status Notification
278 Health Care Service Review Information
288 Wage Determination
290 Cooperative Advertising Agreements
300 Reservation (Booking Request) (Ocean)
301 Freight Receipt and Invoice (Ocean)
303 Booking Cancellation (Ocean)
304 Shipping Instructions
309 wazzu U.S. Customs Manifest
310 Freight Receipt and Invoice (Ocean)
311 Canadian Customs Information
312 Arrival Notice (Ocean)
313 Shipment Status Inquiry (Ocean)
315 Status Details (Ocean)
317 Delivery/Pick-Up Order
319 Terminal Information
322 Terminal Operations and Intermodal Ramp Activity
323 Vessel Schedule and Itinerary (Ocean)
324 Vessel Stow Plan (Ocean)
325 Consolidation of Goods In Container
326 Consignment Summary List
350 U.S. Customs Release Information
352 U.S. Customs Carrier General Order Status
353 U.S. Customs Events Advisory Details
354 U.S. Customs Automated Manifest Archive Status
355 U.S. Customs Manifest Acceptance/Rejection
356 U.S. Customs Permit to Transfer Request
357 U.S. Customs In-Bond Information
358 U.S. Customs Consist Information
361 Carrier Interchange Agreement (Ocean)
362 Cargo Insurance Advice of Shipment
404 Rail Carrier Shipment Information
410 Rail Carier Freight Details and Invoice
414 Rail Carrier Settlements
417 Rail Carrier Waybill Interchange
418 Rail Advance Interchange Consist
419 Advance Car Disposition
420 Car Handling Information
421 Estimated Time of Arrival and Car Scheduling
422 Shipper's Car Order
423 Rail Industrial Switch List
425 Rail Waybill Request
426 Rail Revenue Waybill
429 Railroad Retirement Activity
431 Railroad Station Master File
432 Rail Description
433 Railroad Reciprocal Switch File
435 Standard Transportation Commodity Code Master
436 Locomotive Information
440 Shipment Weights
451 Railroad Event Report
452 Railroad Problem Log Inquiry or Advice
453 Railroad Service Commitment Advice
455 Railroad Parameter Trace Registration
456 Railroad Equipment Inquiry or Advice
466 Rate Request
468 Rate Docket Journal Log
470 Railroad Clearance
475 Rail Route File Maintenance
485 Ratemaking Action
490 Rate Group Definition
492 Miscellaneous Rate
494 Scale Rate Table
501 Vendor Performance Review
503 Pricing History
504 Clauses and Provisions
517 Material Obligation Validation
527 Material Due-In and Receipt
536 Logistics Reassignment
561 Contract Abstract
567 Contract Completion Status
568 Contract Payment Management Report
601 Shipper's Exports Declaration
602 Transportation Services Tender
715 Intermodal Group Loading Plan
805 Contract Pricing Proposal
806 Project Schedule Reporting
811 Consolidated Service Invoice/Statement
812 Credit/Debit Adjustment
813 Electronic Filing of Tax Return Data
815 Cryptographic Service Message
816 Organizational Relationship
818 Commission Sales Report
819 Operating Expense Statement
820 Payment Order/Remittance Advice
821 Financial Information Reporting
822 Customer Account Analysis
824 Application Advice
826 Tax Information Reporting
827 Financial Payment Return Order/Return Notice
828 Debit Authorization
829 Payment Cancellation Request
830 Planning Schedule with Release Capability
831 Application Control Totals
832 Price/Sales Catalog
833 Mortgage Credit Report Order
834 Benefit Enrollment and Maintenance
835 Health Care Claim Payment/Advice
836 Procurement Notices
837 Health Care Claim
838 Trading Partner Profile
839 Project Cost Reporting
840 Request for Quotation
841 Specifications/Technical Information
842 Nonconformance Report
843 Response to Request for Quotation
844 Product Transfer Account Adjustment
845 Price Authorization Acknowledgement/Status
846 Inventory Inquiry/Advice
847 Material Claim
848 Material Safety Data Sheet
849 Response to Product Transfer Account Adjustment
850 Purchase Order
851 Asset Schedule
852 Product Activity Data
853 Routing and Carrier Instruction
854 Shipment Delivery Discrepancy Information
855 Purchase Order Acknowledgment
856 Shipment Notice/Manifest
857 Shipment and Billing Notice
858 Shipment Information
859 Freight Invoice
860 Purchase Order Change Request - Buyer Initiated
861 Receiving Advice/Acceptance Certificate
862 Shipping Schedule
863 Report of Test Results
864 Text Message
865 Purchase Order Change Acknowledgment/Request - Seller Initiated
866 Production Sequence
867 Product Transfer and Resale Report
868 Electronic Forms Structure
869 Order Status Inquiry
870 Order Status Report
871 Component Parts Content
872 Residential Mortgage Insurance Application
875 Grocery Products Purchase Order
876 Grocery Products Purchase Order Change
877 Manufacturer Coupon Family Code Structure
878 Product Authorization/De-authorization
879 Price Change • 880 Grocery Products Invoice
881 Manufacturer Coupon Redemption Detail
882 Direct Store Delivery Summary Information
883 Market Development Fund Allocation
884 Market Development Fund Settlement
885 Store Characteristics
886 Customer Call Reporting
887 Coupon Notification
888 Item Maintenance
889 Promotion Announcement
891 Deduction Research Report
893 Item Information Request
894 Delivery/Return Base Record
895 Delivery/Return Acknowledgment or Adjustment
896 Product Dimension Maintenance
920 Loss or Damage Claim - General Commodities
924 Loss or Damage Claim - Motor Vehicle
925 Claim Tracer
926 Claim Status Report and Tracer Reply
928 Automotive Inspection Detail
940 Warehouse Shipping Order
943 Warehouse Stock Transfer Shipment Advice
944 Warehouse Stock Transfer Receipt Advice
945 Warehouse Shipping Advice
947 Warehouse Inventory Adjustment Advice
980 Functional Group Totals
990 Response to a Load Tender
996 File Transfer
997 Functional Acknowledgment
998 Set Cancellation